Calosoma (Callisthenes) persianum Morvan, 1974

Callitropa (Blaptosoma) persianum Morvan, 1974: 154 (type: Iran, Baloutchestan; Institut de Recherches Entomologiques et Phytopathologiques d'Evine, Teheran)
Calosoma (Callisthenes) persianum, Löbl & Smetana, 2003: 119
Callisthenes persianus, Lorenz, 2005: 72


Length 26-30 mm. This species was described in 1974 based on four specimens collected in Baluchestan in South Eastern Iran, near the borders both of Afghanistan and Pakistan. After the description, no more findings were reported in literature.
In the original description it has been compared to the Mexican Callitropa (Blaptosoma) laeve, with which actually has a superficial resemblance, but the information provided in the same description, including the form of the third antennal segment and the position of main setae, as well as the examination of the types, leaves rather understand that it is a species of the subgenus Callisthenes, as alredy indicated in the Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera of Löbl & Smetana (2003: 119), and in the Systematic List of Ground Beetles of Lorenz (2005: 72).
persianum, is well distinct from neighboring Calosoma (Callisthenes) breviusculum pumicatum because of many characteristics among which it is enought to mention the the body size and the elongated shape of the elytra. Considering mainly the elongated and convex shape and the size, persianum could perhaps have a remote affinity with some more eastern population of regelianum or usgentense, but the closest of these is located about 1200 km away as the crow flies.
In conclusion, persianum is a good species of Callisthenes , well differentiated from other species for its peculiar characteristics: the pronotum is transverse, the basal dimples are incospicous and the hind angles are rounded and obtuse, not extending beyond the basal line; the elytra are elongated and convex with a smooth surface, where the striae, of triploid type, are indicated by series of points; head and pronotum are heavily dotted, the margin of elytra is granulose in its basal part; the upper and the lower body are black.

Examined material
Iran: Kousche (= Gusheh, Khash co., Sistan and Baluchestan prov.) (holotype and allotype)

Notes: Brachypterous. It was captured near a small village at present called Gusheh (Kousche or Goutscheh) on the western slope of Taftan volcano, around 2200m. altitude, in a semi arid environment.

Calosoma (Callisthenes) persianum ♂ Morvan, 1974
Iran: Kousche 23.5.1972, Abai
(holotype; coll. Institut de Recherches Entomologiques et Phytopathologiques d'Evine, Teheran) (photo dr. Sayeh Serri)
Calosoma (Callisthenes) persianum ♀ Morvan, 1974
Iran: Kousche 23.5.1972, Abai
(allolotype; coll. Institut de Recherches Entomologiques et Phytopathologiques d'Evine, Teheran) (photo dr. Sayeh Serri)
Calosoma (Callisthenes) persianum Morvan, 1974
Iran: province de Baloutchestan , Khash, Goutscheh alt. 2200m (Volc. Taftan)
Morvan P. (1974), "Nouveaux coléoptères carabiques de l'Iran (6éme note)",
Journal of the Entomological Society of Iran, 1: 155 , pl.9

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