Calosoma (Callitropa) haydeni Horn, 1870
The systematic position of this species is still debated. Jeannel had in fact included it in Camedula, because its margin of the elytra is with evident serration. However, some other characteristics of external morphology, specially the squat and convex body shape, approach it to Blaptosoma, in which subgenus it has been included by Gidaspow.
haydeni is quite common in northern Mexico and can be found, although rare, in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.
All authors distinguish two populations: haideni haideni and haideni punctulicolle slightly different and geographically separated. However it is possible that some populations with intermediate characters exist in the contact area. Gidaspow (1959: 281) points out that she saw individuals related to one or the other of the two subspecies that were found in two nearby locations, in Texas and Erwin (2007: 96) mentions haideni haideni from Chihuahua Mexico from where punctulicolle was described.
Calosoma (Callitropa) haydeni haydeni Horn, 1870
Calosoma haydeni Horn, 1870: 69 (described from Colorado; syntype in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Ma)
Calosoma (Blaptosoma) laeve haydeni Breuning, 1928b: 45
Blaptosoma (s. str.) haydeni Lapouge, 1932: 392
Camedula (s. str.) haydeni haydeni Jeannel, 1940: 206
Calosoma (Blaptosoma) haydeni haydeni Gidaspow, 1959: 280
Length 21-23 mm. The northern populations are on average slightly smaller, with the sides of pronotum more rounded and narrower behind; moreover the striae on the elytra are more evident.
haydeni has been described from Colorado without any precisions. No more findings are known but its presence can not be excluded since it has been found in New Mexico near the border of the two states. For sure, it is present in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.
Examined specimens and literature’s data
United States. Colorado (type MCZ) (MNHN); New Mexico: Torrance County (AVT), Koehler (Breuning, 1928b: 49), Maxwell (Burgess & Collins,1917: 94); Texas: Brewster County (Gidaspow, 1959: 281); Arizona: Mohave County (Gidaspow, 1959: 281)
Notes: Brachypterous. It lives on field and pastures in mountains around an altitude of 2300m. Nocturnal, during the daytime seeks shelter under stones and debris. It feeds on caterpillars and pupae of lepidoptera. Active adults have been noted from April to November, and it is possible to find specimens overwintering in small cavities in the ground (Larochelle & Larivière, 2003: 178).
A brief description of larval stages can be found in Burgess & Collins (1917: 96).
The name of the species was proposed in honour of Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden (1829 –1887) an American geologist, explorer and physician, famous for his pioneering surveying expeditions of the Rocky Mountains and later for his role in the establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872.
United States, Col(orado) (Typus)
(coll. and photo: Museum of Comparative Zoology,
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA)
United States, New Mexico, Torrance county,
7ml E Willard, Laguna del Perro, 24.VII.1991,
Cassola leg. (coll. Vigna Taglianti)
Calosoma (Callitropa) haydeni punctulicolle Bates, 1891
Calosoma laeve punctulicolle Bates, 1891: 225 (type: Chihuahua, Santa Clara; British Museum of Natural History, London)
Calosoma (Blaptosoma) laeve punctulicolle Breuning, 1928b: 45
Blaptosoma (s. str.) laeve punctulicolle Lapouge, 1932: 392
Camedula (s. str.) haydeni punctulicolle Jeannel, 1940: 206
Calosoma (Blaptosoma) haydeni puncticolle Gidaspow, 1959: 281
Length 22-28 mm. The southern populations are slightly larger, and generally have less curved sides of pronotum while the intervals at the base of elytra are finely wrinkled but not scaly, as have the northern ones.
It is not rare to find in northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon).
Examined specimens and literature’s data
Mexico. Chihuahua: Agua Caliente, San Isidro, Catarinas, Jimenez, Santa Barbara (Gidaspow, 1959: 281), Santa Clara (Breuning, 1928b: 48), 4 km E of Pedernales, 37 km N of Temosachic, Minaca, Zaragoza, Cerro Venado, Ejido Zaragoza (UASM); Coahuila: La Gloria (Monclova) (Gidaspow, 1959: 281); Durango: Durango (MCZR), Durango city, Canelas, Promontorio (Breuning, 1928b: 48), Cuencame, Villa Ocampo, Santa María del Oro (Gidaspow, 1959: 281), El Pino, Nombre de Dios, Hidalgo del Parral (UASM); Monterrey (Breuning, 1928b: 48); Nuevo Leon: Puerto de Cineguillas, 2500 m (EM, SB); Oaxaca: Valle Nacional (UASM).
Notes: Brachypterous. It lives on field and pastures from midlands up to an altitude of 2500m. Nocturnal, during the daytime seeks shelter under stones and debris. It feeds on caterpillars and pupae of lepidoptera. Active adults have been noted from May to November.
Mexico, Nuevo Leon: loc. Puerto de Cineguillas, m 2500,
16.VII.1987, Migliaccio leg. (coll. Migliaccio)
Mexico, Nuevo Leon: loc. Puerto de Cineguillas,
m 2500, 16.VII.1987, S. Bruschi leg.