Calosoma (Calosoma) maximoviczi Morawitz, 1863
Calosoma Maximoviczi Morawitz, 1863: 20 (syntype: Insel Jesso: zwischen Skabi und Ssawara; Zoological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg)
Calosoma mikado Bates, 1873: 235 (holotype: Honshū, Hyōgo; Natural History Museum, London)
Calosoma maximoviczi sauteri Born, 1909: 99 (described from: Fuhosho, Formosa)
Callipara Maximoviczi Taqueti Lapouge, 1924: 41 (described from: lle Quelpaert)
Callipara Maximoviczi Touzalini Lapouge, 1924: 42 (lectotype: Yunnan, Ping Chwan; MNHN)
Calosoma (Calosoma) maximoviczi, Breuning, 1927: 176
Calosoma (Callipara) maximoviczi cathaica Lapouge, 1932:403 (nomen nudum, from Mongolia)
Calosoma (Calosoma) maximoviczi Jeannel, 1940: 83
Calosoma (Calosoma) maximoviczi Deuve, 1997: 53
Calosoma (Calosoma) maximoviczi chaniense Obydov, 2010: 63 (holotype: Mongolia, Khan Khentii, Museo di Scienze Naturali "Cavalier Locca", Guardabosone)
Length 25-35 mm. Length 25-35 mm. C. maximoviczi, has the pronotum less transverse than the species of the C. sycophanta group, regularly rounded, less narrowed behind having sides not sinuate, almost parallel. Head and pronotum have dense punctures and fine transverse wrinkles. The elytra are elongated, with moderately convex and incised intervals. The punctures in the striae are just visible. The upper part is constantly dark having metallic, bronze, or rarely bluish, lustre.
It is quite common in southern Tibet (Linzhi and Changdu pref.), and in most of China, spreading southward up to Laos border (Lapouge, 1924). It is also found in Mongolia and in the Far East of Russia (Ussuri and Primorsky Krai), Sakhalin and Kurili Islands, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan.
Examined specimens and literature’s data
China. Beijing (Breuning, 1927: 179); Gansu: Wishu (SB); Hubei: Dahongshan (VV), Mt. Wangfoshan 1940m. (http://carabidae.org/); Liaoning: Mt Wulong (SB), Zhoujia (SB), North Fengcheng City, (http://www.zin.ru/); Shandong: Chefu (Breuning, 1927: 179); Tibet: Linzhi (SB), Changdu (SB); Yunnan: Pe Yen Tsing (SB), Tche Ping Tcheu (EM), Binchuan (NMP)
Japan. Sapporo (SB), Shiga pref. (Yahiro & al., 1997: 418); Mapuyama (SB), Mt Daisengen (EM), Tokyo (Breuning, 1927: 178) Hyōgo (Bates, 1873: 235)
Laos: Chinese border (Lapouge, 1924: 41)
Mongolia: Khan Khentii (Obydov, 2010: 63)
North Korea. Pyonganbuk-do: Mt. Chonmasan (EM, SB), Hamgyong prov., Mt. Sultan Ridge (SB)
Russia: Ussuri (Breuning, 1927: 178), South of Primorsky Krai (Sundukov, 2013: 85); Kuril Islands: Iturup island (Sundukov, 2013: 85), Sakhalin (http://encsakhalin.ru)
South Korea. Quelpart (Jeju) island (Lapouge, 1924: 41)
Taiwan: Fuhosho 1000m. (near Polisha village,Wucheng, Nantou Pref.; Tsunekt, 1977: 261) (sub maximoviczi sauteri; Born, 1909: 99)
Notes: C. maximoviczi is diurnal, fully winged and a good climber on trees. It has been noted feeding mostly on caterpillars and sometime it is a conspicuous predator of the beech caterpillar, Quadricalcarifera punctatella (Kamata & Igarashi, 1997). In most countries where it lives, C. maximoviczi has one generation per year. Adult beetles begin active life starting from mid-May, They oviposite in early June and the full development takes about 30-45 days. The adult remains active until the middle of October, and overwinter in small cavities in soil.
The species has been named after Karl Ivanovich Maximovicz (1827 – 1891), a Russian botanist that collected and studied the flora of the Far East.
China: Southern Thibet, Jiangda, Changdu, Jingke
China: Liaoning, Mt Wulong, VI.06, Juantai