Calosoma (Caminara) olivieri Dejean, 1831

Calosoma olivieri Dejean, 1831: 559 (Typus: Bagdad; coll. Oberthur, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris)
Calosoma azoricum Heer, 1860: 5
Calosoma (Campolyta) Olivieri, Bedel, 1895: 20
Calosoma (Caminara) olivieri, Breuning, 1927: 224
Charmosta (Catasoma) Olivieri, Lapouge, 1929: 10
Campalita olivieri, Jeannel, 1940: 117
Caminara olivieri, Basilewski, 1972: 37

Length 20-28 mm. C. olivieri is characterized by a small, just transverse, pronotum. As for the elytral sculpture, it consists of scaly intervals not much raised but recognizable, The intervals are all of the same width and height ("homodyname" type) and there are two tertiary intervals on each sides of a secondary one ("pentaploïde" type).
C. olivieri is meet in a very wide area from the Atlantic coast of Africa, to India and Central Asia without significant changes in its morphology. It is known of the Azores, the Canaries and Cabo Verde islands, is present across northern Africa from the Mediterranean coast at the northern edge of the Sahara and Egypt. Possibly as an occasional visitor, C. olivieri has been found in Spain (Branes, 1990; Serrano, 2003: 14). in the the Maltese Islands (Mifsud & Vigna Taglianti, 1999: 27) and in Italy, in the islands of Lampedusa (Vigna Taglianti, 1995: 364) and Pantelleria (Romano, 2010) and Palermo (Sparacio, 2003). Furthermore it is present, and in some cases relatively abundant, in Asia Minor, southern Anatolian peninsula (including the island of Cyprus), Iraq, Kuwait (Al-Houty Wasmia, 2004: 62), Iran, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan.

Examined specimens and literature’s data
Afghanistan: Nangharkhar prov., Jalalabad (SB); Kabul (Mandl, 1955: 325); Nuristan, Bashgul valley (Mandl, 1955: 325); Bamian, Bande-Amir (http://molbiol.ru/)
Algeria: Ain Sefra, Sebdou, El-Kreider, Tilremt, El-Kantara, Biskra, Mgruega (Bedel, 1895: 20), Laghouat (SB); Beni Abbes (SB); Tamanrasset (ex coll. A Vandel), Béchar (Colomb-Béchar) (Jeannel, 1940:117)
Azores Islands (Portugal): Flores, Corvo, Terceira, San Miguel (Jeannel, 1940:117) Santa Maria (Godman,1870: 58)
Cabo Verde (Republic of): São Vicente (Wollaston, 1865: 3); Brava, São Nicolao, (Jeannel, 1940:117)
Canaries Islands (Spain): El Hierro: Mirador de Bascos 650m; La Gomera: Valle Gran Rey, Torián, San Sebastián; La Palma: Los Llanos; Tenerife: Las Galletas, El Médano; Gran Canaria: Maspalomas, Cruz de Tejeda 1550m, Tufia (Machado, 1992: 90); Fuerteventura: (Wollaston, 1865: 3), Tuineje, Morro del Peñón, (University of La Laguna, gbif.org), Playa de Jandía, Pico de la Zarza (Jandía) 500m, Jandía 700m, Betancuria (Machado, 1992: 90); Lanzarote: (Wollaston, 1865: 3), Arrecife (Machado, 1992: 90).
Cyprus: nomos Paphos, Peristerona (SB); Akrotiri peninsula (Austin & al., 2011)
Egypt: Wadi Abu Ghuşun (SB); Cairo (Breuning, 1927: 224), Marsa Alam (www.entomologiitaliani.net); Ghizeh, Abu Rawash, Mokattam, Nile Delta (Schatzmayr, 1936: 24); Heliopolis, Kom Ombo, Kosseima, Wadi Um Mitla (Alfieri, 1976: 3); South Sinai Desert (Semida & al., 2001: 145).
Iran: Golestan: Ramian (Ghahari & al., 2009: 439); Kerman: Zarand (57º03'E 30º81'N), Anar (55º35'E 30º32'N), Jiroft (58º3'E 28º3'N) (Sadeghi & al., 2011: 189), Sabzawaran, Hosseinabad (Mandl, 1953: 55); Khorasan: Khunik pass, 2100 m (SB), Kashmar (Ghahari & al., 2009: 439), Mashhad, Torbat-e-Jam (Namaghi & al., 2010: 200),; Hormozgan prov: Posht-Koh Village (Azadbakhsh & al., 2015: 226); Mazandaran prov. Behshahr (Ghahari & al., 2009: 439); Sarbishe prov: Kuh E Momenabad, 2200 m (SB); Semnan prov: Tahar 2100 m (SB); Sistan and Baluchistan: Dasht 1000 m (SB), Dasht-e Lut (PP), 40km W Jaz Murian Depression (Mandl, 1953: 55)
Iraq: Bagdad (holotype, MNHN); Damascus (Jeannel, 1940: 118); Basrah (Andrewes, 1929: 64)
Israel: Lower Galilee: Quiryat Tivon (EO); Arava Valley, Hazeva (EO); Hazerim (SB); Ashdod: Gan Hadarom (AL); Nord Neguev: Ezuz (AL)
Italy: Pantelleria, contrada Bugeber (MR) (www.entomologiitaliani.net ); Lampedusa, contrada Tepranova (MR) (Vigna Taglianti, 1995: 364); Palermo, Quartiere Cruillas (Sparacio, 2003)
Jordan: Wadi Rum (SB)
Kuwait: Mischan Island, Erifjan, Kathma, Khwasat, Sha`ab, Rhawdatin, Burgan, Jal Al-Zor, Sobiya (Al-Houty, 2004: 62)
Liban: Tripoli (AL)
Libya: Brizì Ullià (EM), Taworga (RMCA), Tripolitania: Audjila-Dialo (Bedel, 1895: 20), Ghadames (http://jcringenbach.free.fr/); Bengasi: Tilimùn (sub azoricum) (Gridelli, 1930: 12)
Malta: Valletta (Mifsud & Vigna Taglianti, 1999: 27)
Mauritania: Zouerate (SB)
Morocco: Mogador (Bedel, 1895: 20); Bir Yelma (SB); Agadir (SB); Oran (RMCA); Laayoune (EM); Azrou (SB); Western Sahara, Smamit (RMCA); Izik (RMCA); Dora (RMCA), Cap Rhir, 10km SW Tamri (SB); Tan-Tan (http://www.ebay.it/), Iaadlane, Antiatlas Mts. 1000m (sub C. maderae, www.biolib.cz).
Oman: Carcot 600 m (SB); Mahdah (AL); Muscat (Andrewes, 1929: 64)
Pakistan. Punjab: Pindi Gheb (EM); Balochistan: Quetta (SB), Nushki (Andrewes, 1929: 64); Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Kohat (NIM), Karak (NIM), Peshawar, Taru (Andrewes, 1929: 66); Sindh: Jacobabad (SB); Jammu and Kashmir: Mirpur (NIM).
Saudi Arabia: Ramanah (AMNH); Riyadh (Wittmer & al., 1979: 527); Thumamah National Park, 84km N of Riyadh (Mateu, 1990: 39); Hedjaz (Mateu, 1990: 39)
Spain. Málaga prov: Mijas (Serrano, 2003: 14)
Syria: as-Suwayda: Al Kafr (SB), 42 km. N. Damascus 1000 m (SB); Slinfe 1336m. (SB)
Tunisia: Gafsa, Bled Thala (Bedel, 1895: 20); Djebel Tebaga (EM); Tozeur (EM); Gabes, Matmata (SB)
Turkey: Birecik (SB); Adana, (Jeannel, 1940: 118)
Turkmenistan: Karakum (AL); Askhabad (Breun., 1927: 224); Repetek (Breun., 1927: 224)
United Arab Emirates: Ras Al Khaimah (www.biolib.cz/), Shardza (Al Sharjah) (SB)
Uzbekistan: Lotfabad (Ljutfabad) (Breun., 1927: 224)

Notes: The species was named after Guillaume-Antoine Olivier (1756 –1814) a famous French entomologist and botanist.
C. olivieri is winged, attracted to light at night. According to the data given by Jeannel (1940: 118), in Tunisia, the larva feeds on caterpillar and lavae of Diptera. The adults have been observed in Pakistan catching caterpillar of Cirphis unipunctata or nymphs of Schistocerca gregaria.
Active individuals of C. olivieri were captured from October to July. The species seems absent only in the short period of the summer, the more dry and hot of the year
Mayet (1887: 171) described the larva.

Calosoma (Caminara) olivieri
Dejean, 1831
Israel: Hazerim, 15, april, 1988, Orbach leg.
Calosoma (Caminara) olivieri
Dejean, 1831
Jordan: Wadi Rum, 20.III.2010 G.Sabatinelli leg.
Calosoma (Caminara) olivieri
Dejean, 1831
Iran: Semnan prov., Shakhrud, Tahar 2.100m.,
N.36°31" E.54°45", 12.6.09 Klimenko lg.
Calosoma (Caminara) olivieri
Dejean, 1831
Iran: Golestan prov., Dasht 1000m.,
N.37°21" E.56°00", 11.5.09 Klimenko lg.
Calosoma (Caminara) olivieri
Dejean, 1831
Italia: Pantelleria isl., 5.09 A. Corso lg. (photo Romano)
Calosoma (Caminara) olivieri
Dejean, 1831
Bagdad, Olivier (holotype)
(coll. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris)

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