Calosoma (Campalita) algiricum Géhin, 1885

Calosoma algiricum Géhin, 1885: 62 (type: Touggourt; Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris)
Calosoma (Campolyta) algiricum, Bedel, 1895: 20
Calosoma petri Semenov, 1902: 84 (type: Utsch Adshin; Zoological Museum of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg)
Calosoma (Callistriga) algiricum Breuning, 1927: 219
Charmosta (Eremosoma) algiricum Lapouge, 1932: 422
Charmosta (Eremosoma) petri Lapouge, 1932: 422
Campalita algiricum Jeannel, 1940: 113

Length 30-35 mm. algiricum has 22 striae on each elytron or, according to Jeannel's terminology has two tertiary intervals on each sides of a secondary one ("pentaploïde" type). It has a very large body, uniformely black.
In light of the recent literature, this species has a wider and less fragmented distribution than initially suggested by Jeannel. It is indeed present in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and in the Arabian peninsula and Middle East up to central Asia: Saudi Arabia, Jordan (Borzatti von Löwenstern, 1987), Israel (Gobbi, 1994), Syria (Roux, 1988), Iraq (Mandl, 1967), Iran, Turkmenistan, up to the western border of Uzbekistan (Khamraev, 2003: 47). Moreover, occasionally, probably because of passive transport, was found in Malta islands (Magrini & al, 1997: 218), in Italy, in Sicily (Vigna Taglianti, 1995) and in Tuscany (Bandinelli, 1984: 56), as well as in Greece in Pelopponeso (Franzen, 2006), and possibly in La Gomera in the Canary Islands (one specimen appeared for sale in 2009).

Examined specimens and literature’s data
Algeria: w. Béchar (Beni Abbès) (AVT); Tougourth (type, MNHN), El Golea (RMCA), Erg Iguidi (Breuning, 1927: 219); Sebdou; Ain Oumach, near Biskra (Bedel, 1895: 20)
Greece: Pelopponesos (Franzen, 2006: 60)
Iran: Kanadj (SB); Bandar Abbas (EM); Eastern Azerbaijan, Arasbaran (Ghahari et al., 2010: 183); Kerman (Sadeghi et al., 2011: 189); west of Jaz Murian Depression (Mandl, 1953: 55)
Iraq: Ramadi (Mandl, 1967e: 459); Rutba (Mandl, 1967e: 459)
Israel: Ein Gedi (Dead Sea) (AVT).
Italy: Sicilia: Isola di Linosa, Cava Pozzolana di Ponente (AVT), Isola di Lampedusa (Vigna Taglianti, 1995), Siracusa, Eloro (Aliquò & Romano, 1975), Trapani, Castelvetrano (Monastra, 1984); Toscana: Orbetello, Feniglia (Bandinelli, 1984: 56).
Jordan: Wadi Rum (Borzatti von Löwenstern A. 1987: 113).
Libya: Bani Walia (AVT); Ghot Sultan (AVT); Taworgha (AVT, RMCA); Tarabalus, Ghadames (SB); Jādū (SB), Sinauen (EM, SB); Tripoli (NMP);, Syrte (http://www.insecte.org/); South of Dirj; Tripolitania: Al Mardum (Bani Whalid); Fazzan: Tikiumit, NW of Al Awainat (http://jcringenbach.free.fr/)
Malta. Gozo: Rabat (Magrini & al, 1997: 218).
Mauritania: Ain Ben Tili (Kocher, 1938: 78), Zouérat (SB).
Morocco: H. Atlas, Tafilalt (AVT), Meknès-Tafilalet, Arfoud (SB), Western Sahara, Smamit (RMCA) Western Sahara, Rio de Oro (Antoine, 1955: 24)
Saudi Arabia: Buraj dah (SB); Thumamah National Park, Al-Riyad (Mateu, 1990: 39)
Syria: Homs, Krak de Chevaliers (NMP); Palmyra (NMP)
Tunisia: Tozeur (EM; SB), Tatouine (SB), Gafsa, Metlaoui (MG), Mides, Oglet El-Rechid (Bedel, 1895: 20)
Turkmenistan: Kopet Dagh, Kara-Kala (AVT); Utsch Adshin (type of petri); Repetek (S Turkmenabad); Dortkuju (W Merv); Ljutfabad (Lotfabad) (Breuning, 1927: 219)

Notes: Nocturnal, winged, attracted to light at night. It prefers arid or sub-desert areas and feeds on the larvae of moths (Jeannel, 1940: 114) or larvae of locusts (Antoine, 1955: 24). In Iran, it was collected in tilled fields in September (Ghahari et al., 2010: 183), however in most cases active individuals were captured in spring, from March to the beginnig of June.

Calosoma (Campalita) algiricum
Géhin, 1885
Algérie, Touggourt (type)
(Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris)
Calosoma (Campalita) algiricum
Géhin, 1885
South Tunisia, Tozeur, 06.2007
Calosoma (Campalita) algiricum
Géhin, 1885
South Tunisia, Tozeur, 06.2007

reported presence of Calosoma (Campalita) algiricum

Algeria: 1a - El Golea (RMCA); 1b - Erg Iguidi (Breuning, 1927: 219); 1c - Sebdou (Breuning, 1927: 219); 1d - Ain Oumach, near Biskra (Breuning, 1927: 219); 1e - W. Béchar, Beni Abbès (AVT); 1f - Touggourt (type, MNHN); Mauritania: 2a - Ain Ben Tili (Antoine, 1955: 24); 2b - Zouérat (SB); Morocco: 3a - E. Bouarfa, 320km SE Féz (SB); 3b - H. Atlas, Tafilalt (AVT); 3c - Meknès, 34 km W Erfoud (SB); Western Sahara: 4 - Rio de Oro (Antoine, 1955: 24); Smamit (RMCA); Canary Islands (Spain): 5 - La Gomera (on sale in 2009); Tunisia: 6a - Tataouine (SB) ; 6b - Tozeur (SB; EM), Gafsa, Metlaoui (MG), Mides (Breuning, 1927: 219); Libya: 7a - Fazzan, Tikiumit NW of Al Awainat (http://jcringenbach.free.fr/); 7b - Tripoli (NMP), Tarabalus, Jādū (SB); 7c - Taworgha (AVT, RMCA); Ghot Sultan (AVT); 7d - Ghadames (SB), South of Dirj; Sinauen (EM, SB) 7e - Al Mardum (Bani Whalid) (http://www.insecte.org/); Malta: 7f - Gozo: Rabat (Magrini & al, 1997: 218). Italy: 8a - Sicilia: Isola di Linosa, Cava Pozzolana di Ponente (AVT), Isola di Lampedusa (Vigna Taglianti, 1995); 8b - Siracusa, Eloro (Casale et al, 1982: 96); 8c - Trapani, Castelvetrano (Monastra, 1984); 8d - Toscana, Grosseto (Bandinelli, 1984: 56); Greece: 9 - Pelopponesos (Franzen, 2006: 60); Israel: 10 - Engedi, Dead Sea (AVT); Jordan: 11 - Wadi Rum (Borzatti von Löwenstern A. 1987: 113); Saudi Arabia: 12a - Buraj dah (SB); 12b - Al-Riyad Thumamah National Park (Mateu, 1990: 39); Syria: 13a - Homs (NMP); 13b - Palmira (NMP); Iraq: 14a - Rutba (Mandl, 1967e: 459); 14b - Ramadi (Mandl, 1967e: 459); Iran: 15a - Eastern Azerbaijan, Arasbaran (Ghahari et al., 2010: 183); 15b - Kerman (Sadeghi et al., 2011: 189); 15c - Bandar Abbas (EM); 15d - Kanadj (SB); Turkmenistan: 16a - Repetek ( S Turkmenabad); 16b - Ljutfabad (Lotfabad) (Breuning, 1927: 219), Aşgabat (Askhabad) (Jeannel, 1940: 114); 16c - Dortkuju (W Merv); 16d - Kopet Dagh, Kara-Kala (AVT); 16e - Mary reg. Utsch Adshi (type of petri, Breuning, 1927: 219); Uzbekistan: 17a - Khorezm reg., (Khamraev, 2003: 47); 17b - Karakapakstan reg. (Khamraev, 2003: 47);

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