Calosoma (Campalita) chinense Kirby, 1818

Calosoma chinense Kirby, 1818: 379 (described from: China) lectotypes in Natural History Museum, London (Andrewes, 1919: 130)
Callisoma aeneum Motschulsky, 1859: 489 (distribution inferred from the title of the work: environs du fl. Amour ); holotype in Zoological Museum of Moscow University
Calosoma chinense ogumae Matsumura, 1911: 109 (type locality: Sachalin); holotype in Hokkaido University, Sapporo
Calosoma (Callistriga) maderae chinense Breuning, 1927: 217
Calosoma (Callistriga) maderae yunnanense Breuning, 1927: 217 (type locality: Yunnan, Szetsong, 2000 m.); holotype ♂ in Naturalis Biodiversity Centre, Leiden (de Boer, 202: 123)
Campalita chinense Jeannel, 1940: 116
Campalita chinense liaoningense Li, 1992: 16 (described from: Liaoning); holotype in coll. J. Li, Dandong, China
Campalita chinense dianxicum Deuve et Tian, 2000: 198 (type locality: Yunnan, Longchuan); holotype in South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou
Calosoma (Campalita) chinense Bruschi & Vigna Taglianti 2012: 208

Length 25-30 mm. The populations of chinense generally consist of individuals of large body, with the pronotum slightly angular, with distinct basal angles widely rounded and with the elytra typically enlarged in their posterior third. The upper body is light bronze, the sculpture of the elytra is uniformly granular, without any striae or any trace of alignment.
chinense represents the eastern expansion of the group of species-related to maderae, being present in China, while to the east extending in Korea, Manchuria, Sakhalin and Japanese archipelago. The slopes of Himalayas (Yunnan plateau) are occupied by a population of small size, with the sculpture of their elytra consisting in grainy striae still distinguishable (yunnanense Breun. 1927). This population presents a stage of evolution of the sculpture of the elytra comparable to that reported for maderae indicum of Nepal but it can be surely attributed to chinense for the unmistakable body shape.

Examined specimens and literature’s data
China. Anhui (carabidae.org); Beijing (=Pékin) (SB); Gansu: Dinxi (Deuve, 1997: 55); Guangxi (carabidae.org); Hebei: Zhangjiakou (Kalgan) (Breuning, 1927: 217); Helongjiang: Harbin (Deuve, 1997: 55); Henan (carabidae.org); Jiangsu: Chinkiang (Zhenjiang), Suzhou (Soochow) (Mandl, 1981: 21; Jiangxi (carabidae.org); Jilin: Lungtan Shan (Deuve, 1997: 55); Liaoning: ShenYang (=Mukden) (EM), Dashiqiao (SB), Xiuyan (SB); Ningxia (carabidae.org); Qinghai: Yining city (VV); Shaanxi: Siao-k’iao-pan (Deuve, 1997: 55); ; Shandong: Tsingtao (Qingdao) (Mandl, 1981: 21); Shanghai (carabidae.org); Shanxi (carabidae.org); Sichuan: Daliang Shan 2200m. (SB), Shimian co., Ya’an (Ebay, 2017); Yunnan: Yunnan (GP), Wumeng Shan 2200m (Ebay, 2015), Lugu Lake (AVT), Shizong (=Szetong) (type of maderae yunnanense, Breuning, 1927: 217), Longchuan (type of chinense dianxicum, Deuve & Tian 2000: 198); Zhejiang (carabidae.org).
Japan. Hokkaido: Asahikawa (SB), Asahi (SB), Yamabe (SB), Sapporo (EM); Honshu: Chiba (SB), Osaka (EM), Kyoto (EM), Tokyo (SB); Shikoku: Ehime (SB).
North Korea. Ryanggang: Mt P'urun-bong (http://www.carabidae.ru), Chagang-do: Chŏmam-san (SB), Sandu-san (SB).
Russia. Siberie (SB); Ussuri: Saputinski Nat. Park (SB), Primorsky Krai: Lake Khasan, (http://molbiol.ru/), Zanadvorovka (http://www.zin.ru/); Ussurigeb. (SB); Seaside and south of Khabarovsk Krai, Yevreyskaya (Sundukov, 2013: 85); South Sakhalin: Dolinsk (SB); Kuril Islands: Iturup and Kunashir islands (Sundukov, 2013: 85).
South Korea. Seoul (EM).

Notes: Winged, adults and larvae feed mostly on caterpillar. They are soil dwellers but can be also climb at some extent on trees. Active individuals were captured from April to October. There are records (Burgess & Collins, 1917: 114; Kuwayama & Oshima, 1964) of specimens overwintering.

Calosoma (Campalita) chinense
Kirby, 1818
China Pékin (Beijing)
Calosoma (Campalita) chinense
Kirby, 1818
Japan Chiba pref.,Ichikawa, 8.VIII.75, Horita lgt
Calosoma (Campalita) chinense
Hope, 1831
China: Yunnan, Lugu Lake - Luo Shui, 27°45'N 100°45'E,
8-9.VII.1992, S. Becvar lgt. (coll. Vigna Taglianti)
last review April 23 2019

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