Calosoma (Carabops) abyssinicum Gestro, 1880

Calosoma abyssinicum Gestro, 1880: 201 (type: Argu Agher; Museo civico di Storia naturale di Genova)
Carabops kachovskyi Jakobson, 1900: 261 (type: Adis-Abeba; Musée Royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren)
Carabops kachovskyi var. femoralis Jakobson, 1900: 264 (described from: Schonkora)
Calosoma (Carabomorphus) abyssinicum Breuning, 1928: 130
Carabomorphus (Carabops) abyssinicum Lapouge, 1932: 398
Carabops abyssinicus Jeannel, 1940: 138
Carabops abyssinicus var. hadiacus Rougemont, 1976: 269 (type: Kambata; Musée Royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren)

Length 16-20 mm. abyssinicum abyssinicum is characterized by a distinctly transverse pronotum, wider on rear than on the anterior part. The elytra are very short and convex, widened in the posterior third.
Rougemont (1976: 269) described a form (hadiacum) with tertiary intervals reduced, almost obliterated (to which he refers as "hétérodyname"). This form is not worthy of being taken at sub specific level but it is a good example of the great variability of the sculpture of the elytra, in this as well as in the other Ethiopian species of the group.
It has been found in the ancient provinces of Shewa, Gamo Gofa, Arussi, Bale, Sidamo.

Examined specimens and literature’s data
Ethiopia. Shewa: Argu Agher (type, MGe), Schonkora (between Addis Abeba and Debre Markos) (Jakobson, 1900: 264), Let Marefià (AC, MGe), Entotto (GP, SB), env. of Addis Abeba (SB), Mt. Mugo (SB), Mt. Ouaciacia (SB), between Shashamane and Dodola (SB); Bale, 38km W Dinshu (Rougemont, 1976: 267); Arussi: Mendebo Mts.( = Monte Encuolò and tra Bucoggi e Sella di Carrà) (AVT), Hosaena, Kambata (type hadiacum, RMCA); Sidamo: 15 km NW Kebre Mengist (SB), Agere Selam (Rougemont, 1976: 267); Gamo Gofa: Chencha (Rougemont, 1976: 267)

Notes: Wingless, wings reduced to an almost invisible stump. Adults are primarily nocturnal. It adapts to different environments such as margins of cultivated fields and pastures, but it is especially common in wooded areas, including small size ones, between 2200 and 3200m. The adults were found in activity during the entire rainy period and in the immediately following one. It is more frequent in the initial period of rainy between May and June, which is also the period of mating and laying. Then reappears in number in the end of rainy period, from September to October, and remains active until November.
The description of first and second stage larva is found in Vigna Taglianti & Bruschi (1986: 9).

Calosoma (Carabops) abyssinicum
Gestro, 1880
Ethiopia: Shewa, Entoto (Goggiam road, 10 km N Addis Ababa), 2.V1.1985, Bruschi leg.
Calosoma (Carabops) abyssinicum
Gestro, 1880
Ethiopia: Shewa, Entoto (Goggiam road, 10 km N Addis Ababa), 2.V1.1985, Bruschi leg.
Calosoma (Carabops) abyssinicum
Gestro, 1880
Ethiopia: Shewa, Mt. Ouaciacia (Menaghesha Nat. For.). m.3000, 20 km SW Addis Abeba, 9,VI.1985, Bruschi leg.
Calosoma (Carabops) abyssinicum
Gestro, 1880
Ethiopia: Shewa, Mt. Ouaciacia (Menaghesha Nat. For.). m.3000, 20 km SW Addis Abeba, 9,VI.1985, Bruschi leg.
Calosoma (Carabops) abyssinicum
Gestro, 1880
Ethiopia: Hosaena, Kambata, alt. 2300m, 27.V.1974
de Rougemont (type of Carabops abyssinicus hadiacus)
Musée Royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren

Calosoma (Carabops) abyssinicum
Gestro, 1880
Adis-Abeba, Abessin merid., Kakowsky 29.V.98,
Mus. Acad. Sc. Petersb.
(type of Carabops abyssinicus kachovskyi)
Musée Royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren

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