Calosoma (Orinodromus) glaciale Kolbe, 1905

Orinodromus gerstaekeri subsp. glacialis Kolbe, 1905: 593 note 62 (type: Kilima-Ndjaro, 4.000 m.); type material in Museum für Naturkunde Humboldt Universität, Berlin (Jeannel, 1940: 149)
Calosoma (Carabomorphus) deckeni subsp. glaciale Breuning, 1928: 137
Carabomorphus (Orinodromus) deckeni glacialis Lapouge, 1932: 398
Orinodromus glacialis Jeannel, 1940: 149

Length 15-18 mm. Three species, divided by altitudinal belts and exposure of the slopes, are found on Mount Kilimanjaro: deckeni, glaciale and volkensi. All have the rear lobes of pronotum, small but well developed, and provided with setae. Basing on these characteristics, Jeannel (1940) distinguished these species, placing them, together with neumanni, another species of northern Tanzania, in the subgenus Orinodromus s. str.
As it is the case with deckeni, glaciale is very small, but it can be easily distinguished because of the pronotum somewhat narrower at the base. Furthermore, the upper body is entirely black, the elytra are smooth without visible sculpture, and the inner armature of the penis has the ligule with a normal, not bifurcate, apex .
It has been found on Kilimanjaro, but only at the base of the glacier, southwest of the cone of Kibo (around 4,000 m.).

Examined specimens and literature’s data
Tanzania. Kilimanjaro, 4000 m (RMCA, SB), Kibo glacier 4000m., above Kibosho 4000m. (Basilewsky, 1962: 68)

Notes: Wingless. Has been found under stones, on alpine meadows characterized by the presence of Helichrysum, Hercinella and Senecio johonstoni. Catches are reported in February just before the long rains (Alluaud, 1917: 81).

Calosoma (Orinodromus) glaciale
Kolbe, 1905
Tanzania: Kilimandjaro, 4.000 m.
Calosoma (Orinodromus) glaciale
Kolbe, 1905
Tanzania: Kilimandjaro, 4.000 m.
last review april. 18 2019

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